Monday, December 4, 2017

On Recovery and "Optimal Outcome"

In 2014, a New York Times article was published about children who have recovered from autism.  I know this article was written three years ago but still is relatively recent given that we only just recently started giving more attention to autism acceptance .   It is sad that a majority of mainstream media outlets like The New York Times can't preach acceptance and neurodiversity.    The emphasis on "recovery" implies the prevailing medical model on autism as some sort of disease.  It dismisses the fact that autism is a lifelong condition that will require supports and accommodations for each life stage.  The media's attention on autism recovery is a dangerous road to go down and can have some detrimental consequences for actual autistic people particularly for adults on the spectrum.  With that said, I will write about why the notion of an "optimal outcome" and "recovery" are destructive to the autistic population.

First, let's talk about what an "optimal outcome" is.    In the eyes of the neurotypical society, an "optimal outcome" is defined as an autistic person who can assimilate and achieve "normal" milestones such as having friends, going to college, living independently etc.   But are those on the spectrum that are described as having an "optimal outcome" necessarily happy and satisfied than those who are more significantly impacted by their autism?  Keep in mind that what is defined as an "optimal outcome" is based on deeply ableist notions of success.   In fact even those labeled as "recovered" from autism still struggle with various learning and mental issues.   What many experts and parents may not realize when they say a child has "recover" from autism is that they may be "camouflaging" or that they have learned various coping and social skills to blend into society.  However many don't understand the amount of energy it takes to have this persona of being normal and the toll it takes on our mental health

I am one of those on the "spectrum" that might be labeled by others as achieving the "optimal outcome" because I have learned so  much coping skills as a result of therapy to be able to pass in society.  In a brief encounter with me, you might even think that I "recovered" from having autism.  However, as I have written in my previous post, I struggle with constant anxiety and self doubt as a result of  learning early on that the only way to be truly accepted is that I fake "neurotypical"  In fact, at the end of each day after work, I feel exhausted from putting on this persona that on the weekends I feel the need for some downtime to recharge my energy.  In sum, while faking "neurotypical" enabled me to accomplish life goals such as getting through college and holding a full time job, the cost of that is the constant anxiety and the fear that  people will be dismissive of the fact when you need supports and accommodations.

Another major consequence on the focus of "recovery" of autism and the emphasis of an "optimal outcome" is that it allows some opportunistic service providers who practice behavioral modification strategies  to pray on the hope and desperation of families of newly diagnosed children.  Often these therapies such as ABA or Discrete child training often require a grueling schedule of 40 hours of week and is a big time commitment for parents.  This can be expensive for a lot of families which can require them to take out a loan in some cases.  The intrusiveness of this therapy regime may not be good for small autistic children who often need large amounts of downtime.  There are many other options that are less intrusive, demanding and compliance based.  There are options like floortime/DIR teaching, music therapy as well as ordinary occupational therapy, music therapy or speech therapy.  Expecting autistic children to carry on a 40-hour a week schedule is unrealistic and denies them from having a childhood as well as being disruptive to the family unit. 

A third consequence is that the strong emphasis on recovery and early intervention is that it diverts attention on to the needs of autistic adults.  As we are well aware, there is a crisis in adequate supports and services for adults.  This is because it is assumed that if autism is treated intensively in childhood, they wouldn't require intensive supports when they reach adulthood.  As a result we have less knowledge of what kind of supports and challenges that adults with autism face,  It also hurts autistics who were diagnosed as adults since there is very little that could help them.  Autism is a lifelong condition and we don't ever outgrow it.

It is ableist to emphasize "optimal outcomes" and "recovery" for autistic individuals.  Having autism is deep within our genes which means it is part of the person.  We need to stop defining self worth for autistics of how much they can do for ourselves or how many milestones we achieved.  If there was a cure for autism, I would not take it because I feel that it would mean taking a part of my identity away from me.  The reason why people with autism and other disabilities were placed on this earth is because we are here to teach society that there is more than one way to live a great quality life. 

Sunday, November 19, 2017

Mental Health and Autism: Why Acceptance is important

It is well known that individuals on the autism spectrum are likely to have comorbid mental health issues such as depression and anxiety.  However, it is a less discussed topic surrounding autism compared to behavior and social challenges etc.  As an autistic young adult with anxiety,  I can give some insight on the high prevalence.  A big part of it has to do with how we were slowly socialized either implicitly or explicitly that an autistic lifestyle is something that is defective and therefore it needs fixing.  In fact this article sums up the strong link of autism acceptance and the development of mental health disorders.  In other words, lack of acceptance externally from others and internally from the self significantly predicts depression and anxiety in young adults with autism.  However, mental health and having a positive relationship with an autistic identity are not a priority when helping autistic people.  If mental health issues are mentioned in regards to autism, they are are addressed in a pathological way.  In this post I am going to write about my experience as someone on the spectrum that lives with mental health issues.

I have written about my struggle with anxiety in an earlier post.   However, in that post I talked about some of the symptoms of how my anxiety  manifests.   I never written that extensively about  the root cause of  my mental turmoil  being related as lack of acceptance of being autistic.   Although I come across as a "confident self advocate"  when I speak about my life experiences, the truth is that I struggle with deep self confidence issues and actually doubt some of my own advice that I give out sometimes.  There is a monster voice in my head that constantly tells me that "I am wrong" or that "I am not deserving of support"  and other negative scripts.  I constantly say "I'm sorry" to my family or others whenever I feel that my autistic mind takes over.  My monster voice is always constantly bringing me down by saying that I am not "entitled to my feelings because I am autistic" and battles with my positive voice or the voice of confidence.  I am so hard on myself and I blame myself for all the challenges that life brings me.

Lately, I have been wondering of how did I become this way or how did I develop such negative thinking which resembles mental self injury.  I then realize that the negative scripts and inner anxiety that I developed in my head today were the result  of years  of growing up and slowly realizing that disability is something that needed to be fixed.  Unlike the children growing up today with the neurodiversity framework, I did not come of age in which autistic advocates were respectfully regarded as the "true experts."   As much as I hate to blast some of my lovely support people like my therapist or my family members on this blog post, they unintentionally through no fault of their own, contributed to my negative script that I have for myself.    Before I go ahead and critique some of the intervention that I received,   I want to make clear that I am thankful that I have gotten interventions that enabled me get to the point where I am today.  The social skills, emotional and self advocacy skills that I learned during my adolescence enabled me to be the strong advocate I am today.  But for autism intervention, there is always room for improvement. 

Throughout my school years, I was taught to camouflage my symptoms in order to blend in and function in the mainstream environment.  It was reinforced through behavioral therapy and the school system.    A few examples that I can remember was that I was pressured to join clubs and sit with a group of kids because that is how typical high schoolers socialized.  I was discouraged from socializing with adults such as the other aides at school or the computer teacher in middle school because it wasn't considered appropriate. I was socialized to learn about  the fashion and other interests that teens through social groups that my behaviorist made (e.g. the "cool" or "not cool" chart) in an attempt were to make me "fit in" better.  All these experiences and others have taught me that I should camouflage and suppress my natural self because I should appear normal.   Friends were chosen for me because people wanted me to be more social. I went along with the recommendations of my support people and parents and pretended to live as a neurotypical because I thought they knew best.  I tried all I can to suppress my natural way of being at the expense of my self esteem and acceptance of my unique neurology.

What the people who helped me didn't realize at the time was the future implications of my mental health as an autistic person.  At the time, the focus  was making me as self sufficient  and socially adjusted as possible by the time I reached adulthood that nobody ever considered what they were doing could unintentionally  affect my self identity and self esteem.  All this energy camouflaging myself in order to appear " normal" became mentally exhausting.  I started second guessing myself and internally beating myself up  over minor social infractions.  This is a big part of my anxiety living as an autistic person.

My experience with special education and ABA shows the dichotomy of interventions that are designed to optimize the quality of life individuals on the spectrum can also adversely impact  the mental health and self acceptance of an autistic identity.    This is what a lot of self advocates are concerned about behavioral modification programs because of the long term affects it can have on mental health in regards to autism.  This is why we need to preach autism acceptance and center self advocates in developing appropriate supports for autistic people.  That means we need to take their insights, feelings and desires into account instead of dismissing them. Acceptance means training mental health service providers to look at autism and other disabilities as a part of a person's identity rather than a problem that needs to be fixed.    Acceptance means a world where autistic people don't have to camouflage to appear neurotypical.  Acceptance also  means giving supports and accommodations to autistic people of all abilities and support levels when it's asked.  If  the world becomes more embracing of the autistic lifestyle, I believe the severity of the mental health problems (though not all) that  autistic people have will be lessened.

Thursday, November 2, 2017

A self advocate's response to the divide between autistic adults and parents at a recent Government Committee meeting

This is a opinion/personal response to this recent article on NOS magazine  on the adversarial exchange that took place between autistic self advocates and parents of autistic children at a recent Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee  meeting which is a governmental body that sets the direction on autism research.    The clash between autistic adults and parents at this meeting is a reminder of the ongoing divide that continues to exist in our community.  From reading this article, I am saddened that there are some parents in our community that can't fathom the idea of  self advocacy or the idea that autistic people can attend and sit on committees and offer their opinions .  I know I am biased from writing this post since I am writing from the perspective of a self advocate, but I want to offer my two cents at the outrageousness of this meeting and the direction the Interagency Autism Coordinating Committee.  I also want to highlight some of the postives like how self advocates John Elder Robison and Sam Crane and nonautistic researcher Edlyn Pena  came up with excellent responses and defended neurodiversity and its principles of rights and humanity for all autistics.

I am outraged that a prominent governmental agency would allow autism warrior parents such as Jill Escher and Alison Singer to continue to discount the voices of autistic adults like myself.   Both of these women are known to hold anti-neurodiverse sentiments on autism and think that the only legitimate autism cases  are only those who are nonverbal and have significant support needs.    For instance,  Escher made a controversial autism matrix this past April that reinforces functioning labels while Singer made a disturbing comment on camera of  committing a murder suicide with her high support autistic daughter in earshot of her comment.  Despite the controversial histories of these mothers, they continue to hold high positions as executive directors for various autism organizations.  Perhaps what is even more reprehensible, is that Escher and Singer continue to make assumptions about autistic ability and support needs.   They believe that autistic people who can sit in a meeting and speak their opinions must not have medical problems such as epilepsy and G.I. issues or not need support etc.  Both Escher and Singer also assume that those with "intense support needs" also have co-occuring intellectual disabilities and therefore cannot understand the logistics of an official governmental meeting discussing research priorities.  These autism warrior moms think they are advocating for the good of autistic people but in reality I feel they are furthering their own selfish agendas. 

On the positive side, I applaud self advocates John Elder Robison and Sam Crane for defending the autistic population and to try to establish unity with autism parents.    The humility of Robison's comment about the duty he and other self advocates on the board of the IACC have to ensure that autistics of varying levels of support have the chance to live a great quality of life.  Of all the "high profile" self advocates out there, I admire John Elder Robison because he doesn't attempt to represent only one side of the spectrum (which is a common among those diagnosed with "Aspergers") and actually cares about autistics who are significantly more impacted  than he is.  When we do autism advocacy, we  often consider the whole entire spectrum which includes those who are nonverbal and requires significant supports in order to live in the community.  This is also what Sam Crane said about the need to presume competence in those who can't speak verbally and giving them a seat at the table at policy meetings.  Self advocates exist because we believe that all autistic people of all abilities are deserving of  rights and supports that will optimize their quality of life. Support shouldn't be a luxury available to only a select few but a necessity for all individuals on the autistic spectrum. This is a standard that I attempt to live by whenever I advocate for autism.

Another positive thing that came out from this meeting is from autism researcher Edlyn Pena from Cal Lutheran University.   She made two excellent points about diversifying the board of the IACC. She advocated that we need more autistics who type to communicate to be on the board of the IACC because they are underrepresented in all autism conversations.  She also made a comment of getting more autistic voices of color on the board, since autistic people of color and their families are relatively absent on boards of autism and other disability organizations.  As a person of color on the autism spectrum, I applaud Pena's statement since she is one of the few that is keenly aware of the lack of racial diversity in the autism community.

The relative absence of self advocates (only three out of the 31 board members are autistic) on the board on prominent governmental boards such as the IACC that affect research priorities shows why autism research does not align with the interests and desires of autistic people.  It is still sad that parents who have bigoted views on autism are still permitted to express them which causes a division for our whole community.  I am not saying parent involvement in the autism advocacy movement is not important but it should be secondary and alongside autistic self advocates.  We need more advocates from different backgrounds, abilities and support levels to be on boards on prominent autism organizations to offer their opinions about policy issues that affect our day to day lives.  There is the saying among autistic self advocates that "nothing about us without us."

Saturday, October 28, 2017

Stop treating DIsabled People as Burdens

This topic has been on my mind lately and I have had a recent conversation with my mom about this very topic.  It is how society views people with disabilities as burdens.   This is evident in media portrayals of how people with disabilities  can be a financial and emotional drain on their caregivers. I wish I can say this societal attitude is a thing of the past given the more talk on acceptance of the disabled.   Unfortunately, this is not the case as there still seems to be that perception in the 21st century.  People with autism are not exempt from this negative societal perception because of our social challenges and our behaviors.    It is from my lens as an autistic person that I will write about some of the negative effects that the "burden" stereotype can contribute to the individual living with a disability.  I am also going to discuss the equity principle in relationships which is an issue that affects autistic people and how it can contribute to the negative societal image about us. 

As I stated before, autistic people are often portrayed as being burdensome and needy.  This is evident in tragic stories of how parents murder their autistic childrenor this autism everyday video  in which parents lament of how autism creates a lot of financial and emotional burden on the family unit.  There  is even an exclusive disorder called called Ongoing Traumatic relationship syndrome or the Cassandra affect which affects neurotypical  significant others or family members which results from the "emotional burden" of living with an individual on the spectrum.      Of course the so-called "autism experts"  capitalized on the plight of parents and others in the autistic person's life and came up with various autism interventions such as ABA and social skills training groups that aim to make autistic people less burdensome.  Even some of the transitional life skill programs that are currently out there for young adults on the spectrum that aim for self sufficency.    All these programs have the end goal of making the individual "less burdensome" to be around. 

The problem with society consistently portraying autistic people (or any disabled person for that matter) as burdens  is that it blames that individual for all their challenges related to their disability.  It misses the fact that since people with autism have different brains, they have limitations that neurotypical people don't have.   To truly understand where I am coming from, imagine that you live in a world that was not built for you.   Social interactions don't come naturally to you, so you have to work twice as hard   to figure out each social situation.  Managing complex emotions is hard, so you have to use extra energy to manage your emotions to get through a work or school day.   Due to sensory issues, your brain feels constantly bombarded by all the information that comes in from the outside world which leads you to feel exhausted.   Executive functioning  doesn't come naturally to you and as a result  you get completely overwhelmed with the daily responsibilities of adult life.   At the end of the day,  you feel exhausted and you lack energy to do other things.  When you have down time, you prefer to spend it alone.  This is what life is like for someone like me every single day.  I have to work extra hard in order to function and meet the demands of  adult life.  Even with all the effort I put in, it still feels like it is never enough to meet the constant social demands of adult life.   So when NT people often complain about the social challenges of a child or adult on the spectrum as being burdensome, they are dismissive of the fact that we don't intentionally mean to be a burden on other people but that we sometimes get overwhelmed living in a world dominated by neurotypicals.

Another problem that I have with the burden stereotype is that it carries a stigma of asking for the support and accommodations that will make life easier for autistic people.  It misses the fact that all human beings are interconnected and that we will depend on someone for certain situations or times in our lives.    Having gone through life, I slowly picked up on the fact that if one is dependent on others for assistance, it is considered burdensome on other people.  An example of where I felt I was a burden was when I registered with the Disability office when I transferred to a four year University.  The lady who was in charge of the center at my college came across as cold and uncaring and viewed me as a "burden."  My experience with the college disability center shows the irony of  institutions and offices that are suppose to provide support services for the disabled often view the population that they serve as "leaches" on the system.     

Even with some of my social relationships, I try not to become a "burden" on them so they will continue to see me as a good friend and a likable person.   This is why I dislike  the equity principle that so often governs relationships.  This principle of equity makes the assumption  that both people in the social relationship give or take at equal levels.   In other words, it assumes that both people in a social relationship are at an even level playing field.   This does not take into account the limitations that one's disability imposes on a person.  The equity principle explains why I try to avoid bringing intimate issues related to my disability  into friendships because I don't want to be perceived as someone who is "too needy" or "attention seeking" ,  I cautiously keep track to make sure that I am giving equally in my share of the deal in the relationship.  Unfortunately, this overwhelms me because it is an extra layer I must think about when navigating social relationships.  It prevents me from feeling comfortable with my own natural autistic self in relationships because I constantly worry that the relationship will be off of its equilibrium. 

In my own experience with the few friendships I managed to make, there were times I picked up the vibe that my friends don't want to be burdened or that they were unwilling to be accommodating if it causes a huge inconvenience to them.  For instance,  one of my friends was referencing another individual  that they personally know who happens to be on the spectrum and was complaining that the girl talks about her disability way too much.  Although she wasn't talking about me specifically, what I took from my friend's comment was that she is not interested in discussing or hearing about the challenges of what I have to go through everyday related to my autism.  She doesn't understand that when you live with a disability (in particular autism), it shapes your worldview and that you have to make adjustments just to get through the day.  It is very hard to find people where I don't have to worry about me  being a burden on them.    There are very few people in my life where I don't have that feeling and can naturally be myself.  This is why I am very selective of the people of who I let into my inner circle.   The consequence of being very selective is that it leads me to have a very small social circle . 

The feeling of being a burden on other people can have some very negative consequences for people with autism and other disabilities.  In this study conducted by Coventry University, one of the factors that lead to higher suicide rates in autistic people was the fact they felt like they were a burden on others.    I feel that this is sad that some individuals feel the need to take their own life because they feel that the people in their own life feel they are an "emotional drain.    This study also cast light on hoe autistic people spend their daily lives trying to emulate a neurotypical social relationships to the point that it leads to the deteoriation of the emotional state and self worth.    My striving to meet neurotypical social expectations is the reason for my constant anxiety in which my adrenal glands are constantly on over drive.  The stress as a result of an overactive nervous system has made me have some G.I. issues like constant bloating and constipation.    I'm sorry I got a little too personal on my last sentence, but I want to portray some of the emotional and physical toll that the body has taken from working extra hard to be a functional member in society.

To conclude this post, we as a society need to stop portraying people with disabilities as burdens.    My mother has given me the best advice in that everyone is interconnected and that we are all dependent on other people.  We need to emphasize support and accommodations that will alleviate the stress of living with a disability.  Lastly, we need to teach neurotypical people to be more compassionate and empathetic towards those with disabilities.  This will help them understand that we don't mean to be burdens and that there are going to be times that we are going to be more dependent on them then they are to us.  We are doing the best that we can but sometimes we get overwhelmed with life.   I believe that every human being is deserving of acceptance and compassion in this world and those two principles shouldapply to everyone rather than a select few.

Sunday, October 8, 2017

Why I relate to the tv show Speechless as someone with Autism

I recently wrote about the lack of realistic portrayals of autistic characters in the media   This post will be about a t.v. show that does it right in painting a real and honest story of disability.  I know I'm a year late to write this review of the television sitcom on ABC called Speechless.     Even before the t.v. show launched last year, I was excited to watch Speechless because it would be the first show to consult with the disability community and cast an actual actor with cerebral palsy.   For those who are unfamiliar with Speechless, it is taken from the viewpoint of a 16 year old teen boy with cerebral palsy named J.J. Dimeo who uses an electric wheelchair to get around and communicates through a letterboard that is attached to his chair.  His family of five moved to a small dilapidated house in an affluent Orange County suburb so he can be mainstreamed in a public school for the first time with an aide. When the aide chosen by the school district was not a fit for J.J., he decides to ask the school janitor to be his support person at school.  The show comically explores the ignorance most people have towards disabled individuals like J.J., family dynamics especially when it comes to J.J.'s two younger siblings as well as their domineering mother to self determination in which J.J's mother learns to stand back and let her son make some decisions for himself.  When watching the first season, I was shocked about how much I was able to relate to the main character J.J. Dimeo even though I have autism and my disability is not as physically involved like J.J.  I have watched so many shows featuring a character with autism and I felt that for the first time I was glad to finally find a t.v. show I can relate to that paint's a more realistic portrait of living with a disability without it being overly dramatic or the main character's disability is the butt of all jokes in which the audience is made to laugh.  I will now discuss some of the elements of how I relate to the television sitcom.

The first part I can relate to J.J. the main character was his relationship with his aide or support person.  Usually the subject of aides and support people are not discussed in t.v. shows or movies about disabled people.  It was nice to see J.J. bond with his aide Kenneth in the show and how he was able to select him as his support person when the first aide assigned to work with him did not turn out well in the pilot episode.  In my own experience, I always felt close to my support people whether it was my 1:1 aide in high school or my paid mentor/companion.  Although I do have friends, the complex nature and the often inconsistency that occurs in friendships can be overwhelming.   With support people, I don't feel that pressure and demand and the consistent nature of the relationship gives me the assurance that I will receive the emotional support on a regular basis.   In addition to providing a security blanket, the people who worked with me served as mentors/guiding figures.  It was so nice to have additional role models that I can turn to besides my parents.  Kenneth serves the same exact role to J.J. throughout the show as he helps him navigate the complex world of high school such as friendships, girls, people making fun of his disability etc.  Paid help such as aides are crucial to the lives of disabled people and I always felt that their work is undervalued in our society.  In fact support people can become equivalent to a "best friend" because you spend so much time with them.  It is nice that Speechless highlights their importance and how they serve as comfort to those individuals who struggle to live in an able bodied society.

Another aspect I can relate to Speechless is the subtle forms of ableism that are present both from the student body at J.J.'s school and strangers out in the community. In the beginning, J.J. was greeted by the students at school who threw a diversity carnival in his honor.  Yet, the school was inaccessible for J.J. who uses a wheelchair and the only way he can get into the building was through a garbage ramp.  This angers J.J.'s militant mother who gives a lecture to school officials about accessibility.   Another example in the show which exposes the irony of the students' inclusion friendly attitude was when the school decided to hold a school dance  on campus instead of at the beach because it did not cater to J.J's accessibility needs.  The students then turn from embracing and supporting J.J. to blaming him for ruining their fun.  This scene shows that young people who are "inclusion friendly" can change their attitude when they are asked to accommodate for people with disabilities.  The refusal to accommodate if it causes an inconvenience for people is a common thing that most disabled people deal with in their day to day lives.   Growing up and going through mainstream schooling, I have encountered and picked up on some of those attitudes from my peers.  Although no one ever bullied me, I picked up this unspoken feeling that my peers avoided me because they did not want to deal with my autism.  This was probably due to the fact that  it was obvious of how different I was due to the fact of having an adult with me at all times and my meltdowns that I would have sometime in class.  Even some of my friends in the past made statements that I conisdered to be ableist.  For instance, I used to have a girl friend who thought that having extra help (e.g. 1:1 aide, behavioral therapist) was the reason why I stood out to peers rather than seeing it as an accommodation or a source of comfort.  I felt that it was very ableist for her to make that statement because she was basing her opinions on trying to look normal and appearing "cool" in front of peers.    I like how Speechless explores the hidden agenda of  human beings behind their facade of "inclusion" and diversity.

A third topic that I felt I could relate to in Speechless is J.J.'s strong personality.  Throughout the show, the audience can see that J.J. knows what he wants and sometimes tells his overbearing mother to back off and let him make his own decisions.  He also has a mischevious and sly sense of humor which comes out in his interactions with his siblings, parents and others.  I am like J.J. in that way of knowing what I want. One of my biggest pet peeves is when people use the word "should" with me as if they are telling me that I don't know what I am doing.   I also have a very strong sense of humor and can be sarcastic sometimes.  In fact my dry sense of humor is one of my most well known qualities.  My humor entertained some of the school staff during my middle and high school years.  People think that individuals who live with disabilities are helpless don't have a sense of agency.  However, young people like J.J. and myself are proving that's not the case.  We are perfectly capable of making decisions that affect our lives.   Speechless highlights the importance of self determination for people with disabilities.

In sum, I really liked Speechless.  I see so much of myself in the protagonist.  Unlike other television shows and movies about disability. this show doesn't portray disabled people as burdens or inspirational and rely on stereotypes.    As I said in a previous post, I wished they made a show like Speechless but cast an autistic protagonist.    I can't wait to see what season 2 of Speechless has in store.

Sunday, September 24, 2017

My Graham Cassidy letter

Here is the letter/testimony I sent via email regarding the latest attempt by congress to cut medicaid funding called the Graham-Cassidy bill.  If passed, this bill can have devastating impacts on the lives of millions of Americans especially those with prexisting conditions.

 To whom it may concern,

I am a 25 year old who lives an autism spectrum disorder.  My passion is to advocate for those with autism and other disabilities and to spread awareness of issues that affect the disability community in general.   As an American who lives with a disability, I am deeply concerned about this recent bill which attempts to cut Medicaid funding.  These cuts can significantly affect the quality of life for people like myself  because we wouldn’t be able have the supports and accommodations we need to live in the community as well as getting appropriate medical and mental health care.  

Growing up, I benefitted from services and therapies such as early intervention that enabled me to achieve a lot of things like going to college, getting a job etc.   In addition, I am also a client of regional center services in California and utilized variety of the services that enabled me to get a job.  Even though I have achieved a lot, I still need support in my daily life and will eventually rely on Medicaid funds for health care as well as for housing and support on living on my own.  If the Graham-Cassidy act is passed, it would make it harder for me to access the support I need in order to make the next big step on living on my own a smooth one.  In addition, I will be 26 next year and will no longer fall under my parents’ health insurance so Medicaid funding will be crucial for me to continue to have adequate access to good healthcare.   If there are drastic cuts to Medicaid, it would be hard to imagine a great future for myself and to know that there is a safety network in place for me .   

The Graham Cassidy act and drastic cuts to Medicaid would get rid of the safety net for me and a lot of people with disabilities who rely on government funding.  Medicaid is a big  resource for regional center system here in California.  These cuts that are being proposed by the Graham Cassidy  could drastically affect programs s such as supported Living and employment as well as respite and other key services that people with developmental disabilities and their families rely on.   Families will not be able to afford key therapies that can improve the quality of life for their children if insurance doesn’t cover the cost of early intervention services. I am not writing this letter just for myself, but on behalf of those with disabilities and other preexisting conditions who are afraid to speak out.  Some people will not be able to survive without Medicaid funding since Insurance companies can charge a higher premium or refuse coverage for  those with preexisting conditions.   I do believe there needs to be reforms to Medicaid services but the Graham Cassidy bill is not the solution since it will make life harder for people with disabilities.



Monday, September 18, 2017

My favorite autism pages and blogs

There is a lot of information out there regarding autism since it is becoming increasingly prevalent.    As I mentioned numerous times, there is a lot of deficit based articles on the disorder  that reinforce stereotypes.  I have come across a lot of these articles, facebook posts and blogs in my lifetime and I cannot tell you how many times I was left with feeling angry and insecure about my own life as an autistic person.   I know the authors behind these articles are coming from a well meaning place but make the fallacy of overgeneralizations or stating their opinions as fact.  Luckily, there are a few sources I have came across that gave the empowerment and assurance that I needed.    These neurodiverse friendly  youtube channels, facebook pages and blogs do a great job of trying to offer useful tips and insights without taking the "what works for me should work for you" view on autism.  Most of these sources are written and/or runned by autistic self advocates but I will include two parent runned blogs and facebook pages that I feel are sympathetic to the neurodiversity paradigm.  Note: This list is based on my own experience of what pages I felt were helpful.  These are entirely my own opinions and I don't get any contributions from any of the writers or organizations by promoting their work.   I also want to disclose that all the self advocate sources I list here are by autistic females due to my own experience of being an autistic female. 

Blogs, pages and youtube channels by Autistic Self advocates

1. Amythest Schaber-  I stumbled upon Amythest's channel based on a friend's recommendation.  She has a video series called "Ask an Autistic" which discusses topics like stimming, special interests, myths about functioning labels etc.  What I like about her channel and her "Ask an Autistic" series is that she wants to promote autism acceptance through her series and to combat ableist attitudes.  She also offers advice that is useful to parents of autistic children.

2. Autism Womens Network- This organization is completely runned by autistic women.  As we all know, girls and women are vastly underrepresented in the autism community.  I like that their website and also their facebook page features blog posts written by autistic women.  They also feature writings by autistic women of color as well as those with an atypical gender identity/orientation as well as nonverbal autistics.  I like that this organization makes the effort to include autistic voices from all walks of life rather than privileging autistics who learned to act neurotypically or who have a special talent. 
           Facebook Page:

     3. Autistic Hoya-  This blog is runned by queer and East Asian autistic activist Lydia Brown.  She writes a lot about topics pertaining to social justice and intersectionality particularly between race and disability.  I liked that Brown herself is not only an autistic woman but also an autistic person of color which reflects my experience as well.  There are not too many role models in the autism community that are dually marginalized (e.g. being a woman and a person of color).  It is nice to find such a role model in Lydia Brown and how much advocacy work she does for a lot of autistic people.


4. Autistic Speaks-  This is a facebook page by another autistic woman Lydia Wayman.  What drew me to Wayman's blog is her outlook and views on autism are like my own.  She talks about topics like supports for those on the spectrum who are more verbal as well as the subjectivity of age appropriate interests.  I admire the fact that Lydia and her mom created a support system that was right for her which gives me hope  that it is possible to find the right fit especially when the funding and availability of supports for (especially for those with lesser support needs) autistic adults are scarce.  Unfortunately her page is only accessible for facebook users but you can try viewing her writings without logging in.

facebook page:

5. Chloe Rothschild-  Chloe is another autistic young woman who is around my age who provides useful and empowering information.  Like Lydia, her page and statuses are only visible through facebook.  However she also has a page on The Mighty that I will also provide a link.  I like that Rothschild found her village after aging out of school age services.  She believes that progress and growth is possible for autistic people even when they reach adulthood.  Like me, Chloe has sensory processing issues and believes in the use of fidgets and occupational therapy.  She also uses AAC to supplement her verbal speech which shows that assisted technology apps and devices can be an option for verbal individuals on the autism spectrum.

facebook page:
The Mighty:

6. Musings of an Aspie- This is another blog by Cynthia Kim who is an adult diagnosed autistic.  What I like about Cynthia's blog is that she writes about topics that I feel are not discussed enough in the greater autism community such as the myth of independence, age appropriate interests and special interests etc.  She takes a similar viewpoint as me with these topics.  For example, in her post to demonstrate why functioning labels for autism are not useful  by making two versions of herself (a high functioning/low functioning) and gave them two different names.    She also has a store called Stimtastic which sells fidgets for both children and adults with autism.


7. Unstrange Mind-  Unstrange Mind is a blog runned by autistic activist by Sparrow Rose Jones.  Like the other pages I have listed here, she offers insights about the autistic mindset as well as promoting autism acceptance.   In particular, she talks about autistic burnout and how other comorbid conditions can affect the daily lives of autistics.


8. Zoey Giesberg- Zoey is a good friend of mine and is a down to earth person.  She writes eloquently about her own experience about being autistic as well as some of the topics that affect our community such as mental health issues, autism and media portrayals etc.   I like how she is very tactful in how she words her blog posts which unlike a lot of people who write about autism is hard is hard to find.


Parent Runned Blogs

1. The Thinking Person's guide to Autism-  This is a useful page runned by a mother of an autistic boy.    This one of the few parent runned pages that is neurodiverse friendly and believes that autistic voices should be in the center on all discussions about the disorder.  They offer useful information on a variety of topics such as stimming, self injurious behavior/aggression, policies that affect autism and disabled people, inclusion, AAC use etc.  They also promote blog posts written by autistic people on their official facebook page.

Facebook page:

2. Diary of a Mom-  This is a another parent runned page by a mother of an autistic daughter.  I stumbled across this page based on a post she wrote about age appropriate interests.  I like that she parents her daughter by consulting with other autistic adults and believes in the power of consent when sharing info and photos of her own daughter. 

Facebook page:

This is my list of sources I feel aligned with my core values.  I liked how they had the delicate balance of trying to be helpful without alienating other autistic people and their families.  I know there are a lot of blogs written by autistic advocates that I have not listed because I only read one post and have not read enough of their posts to really get an idea what there about.    As stated in my disclaimer all the authors that are autistic self advocates are female so it is not completely objective given that your blogwriter is an also an autistic woman.  However, I feel that some of these sources will be helpful for autistic males as well.   I hope this list will be helpful for some of my readers.

Saturday, September 9, 2017

Why I became a Self Advocate for Autism

If you have been reading and following my blog posts, you might wonder what made me want to become active in the autism community.    The answer is that there are multiple reasons instead of one specific moment in my life.  I know there are many self advocates out there that are already doing a great job speaking out on behalf of those who haven't yet found  their voice and continue to expand our knowledge base on this complex condition.  I wanted to add my insights, experiences and thoughts to the autism community.  Autism is a very misunderstood condition and also heavily stigmatized in our society.  I feel that the more autistic voices that are out there speaking, the less likely we are pushed aside in the autism debate and that we are treated respectfully in society.

Perhaps the perfect place to start  explaining my interest in becoming active in the autism community is my own experience living with the disorder.    I was diagnosed in preschool but it was six years later when I was in fifth grade when I finally learned about what autism was.  I began to notice that my peers were changing in terms of developing more mature interests whilst I stayed the same.  As I entered middle school, the feeling of knowing I was different was excacerbated. The teenage years can be very complicated for anyone, but it was a magnified  experience for me.  I noticed that my peers in middle school were so interested in fitting in and being part of a large social group.  I found that to be very perplexing and did not understand why middle schoolers became so interested on the approval of others and the "coolness" factor.  My autism made me oblivious to the shallowness of middle school culture.

Like so many other people who first learn about autism, I decided to research what it was.  Unfortunately, in the early to mid 2000's there was a lot of negative information about autism as a set of deficits.  There were no active autistic-runned or neurodiverse organizations that were in existence back then.  A lot of information about the condition was written by neurotypical parents and professionals.  As a consequence of  these deficit based narratives about autism,  my self esteem and self  confidence took a steep dive.  I felt that everything about me (my habits, behaviors and interests) was flawed and needed to be fixed.   Although the people around me had the best of intentions of trying to help me, they sometimes did things that I perceived as "harmful."  A few examples of this was  the ABA agency that tried to extinguish my jumping in middle school,  to this article on Newsweek magazine in which my mom and I were featured that discusses intimate details of how I struggled to develop teen interests as well as being sent away to a summer a life skills bootcamp at my therapist's suggestion during the summer of my senior year of high school that felt like being placed under a microscope in terms of my abilities.   These experiences in my life as well as the medical model of autism that I grew up with  made me felt marginalized growing up.  I felt that I did not fit in anywhere nor fit in the tight categories or boxes" that society has made for the various labels that inhabit our identities.

When I entered adulthood,  the stigmatization of autism and my strong urge to become an advocate for autism was more evident due to the relative absence of autistic voices in this age group.  Again, this is tied to the fact that up until recently, the discussion on autism was dominated by people who have second hand accounts on the disorder.   As a result of a lack of adequate resources for autistic adults, I had to navigate the first few years out of high school on my own.  That was perhaps the hardest time of my life to navigate.  To this day,  I still find it hard to live in a society built for neurotypicals .  To make matters worse, there continues to be an erasure of adult autistics by others who continue to infantilize the disorder by referring to children when writing about the disorder.   My experience as a teenager as well as my current experience of  being a young adult with autism  has lit the flame of being interested in social justice for people with autism.

I became an autism advocate because I don't want any young person with autism to grow up with society telling them they are broken and to enter adulthood feeling insecure about their identity.     I suffered from low self confidence as a result of being aware of the destructive messages about my disability that I was exposed to growing up and to this day I am still working to overcome.    I am also sick and tired of the autism conversation to be dominated by people who actually don't live with the condition.  I am tired of all the negative stereotypes that plagues autistic people (we lack empathy/considerate of other people's feelings).     I wanted to add my voice to the growing number of autistic voices, because I feel there are a lot of topics about autism that are ignored or not given much attention in the wider community. I want the world to know that adults with autism do exist and that we deserve to have supports and accommodations too.  It is not only autistic adults that are virtually ignored, but also autistics who live with another marginalized identity( a person of color, female, and LGBT) who are pushed to the sidelines on the autism conversation.   I wanted to give voice to the voiceless or the underdogs in the autism community

This is why I wrote a autobiography about my experience, started a blog and present to groups about living with autism.    I wanted to give others (especially neurotypicals) a perspective of what it's like waking up everyday and having to face a world that was not built for you and that refuses to accommodate people with disabilities. I want to challenge existing paradigms about autism such as age appropriate interests and functioning labels.  Me and other autistic self advocates are showing the world that normal is "just a setting on a washing machine."

Image: Me with Agnes, Margo and Edith from Despicable Me taken on a trip to Universal Studios for my 25th Birthday.

Saturday, August 26, 2017

What Charlottesville means to me in terms of White Privilege in the autistic community

The recent events in which white nationalist groups show up to protest in Charlottesville, Virginia armed with torches which resulted in the death of a 32-year old woman, has sparked a lot of emotion and conversations about racism in this country.  Like everyone else, I am shocked that an event in which Neo-nazi and white supremacy groups outwardly express their bigotry towards minorities would happen  in 2017.  I thought the days of  white supremacy, KKK, lynch mobs and overt racism were behind us and were solved by the civil rights movement.    It was hard to articulate my thoughts on this matter and it took awhile to compose a facebook status.    Then again I am not surprised that an event like Charlottesville took place since there still seems to be ambivalence of embracing differences in terms of racial, religious views,sexual orientation as well as disability that takes place in this country. These recent events in Charlottesville  has prompted me to think about how America in the 21st century still supports a structure that favors Anglo whites.  More specifically,  Charlottesville made me examine in how white privilege dominates the autism conversation and community.    It is with these thoughts which will shape the subject of this post.  I just want to issue a trigger warning since some parts of this post might come across as scathing and might make some readers uncomfortable or defensive.   In particular, the examination and questioning  of white privilege might make some of my white readers uncomfortable.  This is just an opinion piece from my perspective and observations.  It is not my intention to accuse whites as being racist. In my own life, I know a lot of white people who are all around good people.  This post is critiquing the power structure of white privilege and  not specific white individuals.
 Like everywhere else in society, white privilege is present and dominates the autism community.  This is prevalent in the fact that ethnic minority children tend to be overlooked for diagnosis and that white upper middle class families are more likely the ones to receive early diagnosis and services.   Getting a formal written diagnosis of autism is a privilege in of itself since it is the gateway to receiving services and supports.  This is due to the fact that Leo Kanner, the clinician who helped play a big role in the formulation of autism as a formal diagnosis category wrongly assumed that the disorder was more common in upper middle class white families.  The consequence of Kanner's actions is the reason why autism is a "whitewashed" disorder.  This attitude and belief still pervades today in the 21st century.  It also doesn't help that the media reinforces white privilege when it comes to autism by frequently portraying Caucasian male characters in film and television.    The structure of white privilege is very powerful because it affects the conversation and priorities on autism as well as whose stories or  narratives get told and recognized in the greater autistic community.

As a Japanese American autistic self advocate, I have noticed over the years that the majority of diagnosed autistic people are overwhelmingly white.  However, it wasn't until I got involved in self advocacy that I realized how rare and uncommon someone like myself was since there are not too many self advocates of color in general.  I also realized how extremely lucky I was to have received an early diagnosis since as I discussed earlier that autistic children of color rarely get an early diagnosis.  Going back to the relative absence of self advocates of color, it is hard for people like myself to get the recognition in the autistic self advocacy movement.  When you think about it, the most widely recognized autistic self advocates who are frequently asked to present at conferences are Caucasian and almost always come from privileged backgrounds and have advanced degrees.

A well known example of this is Temple Grandin.   While I admire Temple Grandin for setting the path  for other autistic self advocates, I find it problematic that the greater autism community treats her like an "autism Jesus" in which her teachings and views are equivalent to the holy bible on autism and  should be applied to all autistics.   As a result other autistic voices (particularly those of color) are often overlooked or not given much attention.  As Lydia Brown states in her post "Critiquing Temple Grandin," a large part of Grandin's widespread recognition is connected to her race and social class.   Echoing Ms. Brown's sentiments, Grandin grew up in a very wealthy background which afforded the privilege to get her where she is today.   Her  family was able to afford a nanny to work extensively with Temple to develop her social and self care skills (which can be equivalent to the 40 hour a week ABA that often is prescribed to autistic kids).   She also went to a prestigous boarding school (another luxury afforded to the most privileged families) where she met her science teacher who played a big role in Temple's decision to pursue a career path  in animal science.  Most families (especially ethnic minority families) are not able to afford some of the luxuries Temple was given.  Although my family's income was modest, there was no way that my parents could afford to send me to a boarding school or have a nanny due full time ABA with me.  In fact they did not want to go down the route of spending a lot of money doing  an  extensive therapy regiment on me because it was too expensive and too intrusive for us.    In sum,  the  overemphasis on white self advocates such as Temple Grandin prevents the voices  of autistic self advocates of color from getting recognition.

Another example in which I believe white privilege infiltrates the autism community, is that the most well known and largest autism charity  Autism Speaks was started by  Bob and Suzanne Wright who also come from a very privileged background as being former news anchors on NBC.    Being former TV news anchors affords them the privilege of being connected to Hollywood as well as celebrities.     The backing of celebrities allowed Autism Speaks to have so much influence on how autism is discussed in the greater society and why they were allowed to perpetuate negative messages about the condition for so long.  Most importantly, they played a big role in how funding was allocated for autism research in terms of finding causes and cures and early intervention.    As a consequence of this, there is relatively little research that is adequately addressing the needs of autistic adults.  Autism Speaks does relatively little to address the priorities and needs of the autistic community.  I feel that they don't do enough to address disparities in autism diagnosis among ethnic minority groups as well as addressing cultural gaps and barriers to getting the right services and accommodations.  This is why there are smaller disability rights groups that exist because I feel Autism Speaks is too busy hosting expensive Galas and national walks.  In sum, the reason why I believe Autism Speaks grew up to be a very powerful organization is because of its roots in white privilege.

The events of Charlottesville has made me examine the power structure of white privilege in the very community that plays a big role in my life: the autism community.   Although the reference to Charlottesville might not make sense to some readers ,  I just wanted to get people to think more deeply how the autism community is geared and tends to favor upper middle class white families.  We need to be better at  recognizing and addressing cultural barriers that so often effect ethnic minority families in obtaining a diagnosis as well as services and supports for their kids.  The best way to this is that we need to reach out to these families and educate them on the signs of autism as well as resources that are available in the community.  The good news is that  there are organizations and projects going on that are attempting to address these issues.    Most importantly, there needs to be more resources to empower and develop autistic self advocates of color.  By having more autistic self advocates of color will send the message to society that autism is not exclusive to Caucasian Americans.    Lastly, I want  whites to act as allies and to use their privilege to address inequality and prejudice both in and outside the autism community.   Like I mentioned earlier, I know plenty of whites who  are empathetic and want to help  close the racial gap that is currently present in the autism community.    If we work together, we can accomplish our goals on equality faster.  I hope this post has opened people's eyes on the inequality that still exists in the neurodivergent community.

Some Helpful Articles that address the race problem in autism :

  • "Autism's Race Problem" -Pacific Standard

  • "Autistic Girls of Color: Missing from Media Narrative"- Leanne Libas

Image: The first Anthology consisting of autistic writers of Color produced by the Autism Women's Network

Monday, August 14, 2017

Communication Challenges as a Verbal Individual on the Spectrum

In thinking of other topics I could write about on this blog,  the list is endless.  However, I want to discuss a topic I feel that is applicable to a lot of people across the spectrum.  It is about communication challenges and trying to articulate complex feelings.  Although I have normal verbal abilities and can participate in a back and forth conversation most of the time,  I still have communication challenges in which speaking can be hard sometimes.  It tends to occur when I try to communicate deep personal feelings or desires but do not have the right words (or word choice) to verbally convey what I want to say without people misunderstanding or wrongly misinterpreting my intentions.    It also doesn't help that when you are tired and exhausted (as I am currently feeling as I am writing this post), getting the words out is even harder.   

Going back to my previous statement of  not having the right word choice in communicating my thoughts,  I had personal experiences that resulted in me being frustrated or misunderstood in conversations between my parents, therapist and others close to me as a result of this discrepancy between the thoughts in my head and what comes out of my mouth.   On the other side, people would often be perplexed because they don't understand what I am saying.  There are multiple ways to combine words to communicate a single thought.  Because of this, the words come out jumbled and mixed which makes it hard to verbally form a coherent sentence.

Anticipatory anxiety about how the other person would react if I share my thoughts is another factor that can effect my verbal communicative abilities.  "What if he/she doesn't get it?" or "What would other people think if I share my personal thoughts?" are thoughts that swirl around in my head when I am about to enter an intense conversation.  These invasive thoughts due to anxiety prevent me from thinking clearly on communicating my thoughts that I end up pausing or stumbling in the middle of the conversation figuring out what I should say next. 

In general, when the anxiety or figuring out how to verbally communicate intimate and emotional thoughts becomes too much I either try to abruptly change the subject or reply "I don't know."  Luckily, the people close to me  recognize when I am using these tactics as avoidance and don't take "I don't know" as an answer or move on to another topic without allowing me to accurately express my thoughts. I like that the people around me don't take what I say at face value and always take the time to allow me to accurately articulate my thoughts into words.

This is why I communicate better by writing, emailing or texting.  As other autistic advocates share, writing is a lot easier because it allows for more time and flexibility to effectively get the words out.  When I am allowed more time to process what I want to say, it removes some of the anticipatory anxiety that can become a barrier to my communicative abilities.  I find that blogging has allowed me to fully express my inner thoughts, desires and emotions that would be too difficult to talk about verbally since I have the time to think about what I want to say and to make sure the words I use will accurately communicate my message in  a way that others will understand. 

I wanted to write a post about my personal challenges with  verbal communication to get people to understand that  communication difficulties are not exclusive to those on the spectrum who are nonverbal or have limited verbal abilities. So-called "high-functioning" individuals on the spectrum have these issues also.  In fact, communication challenges is a core feature of autism spectrum disorders.  Just because on the surface I have normal verbal abilities doesn't mean what I say always reflects how I am thinking or feeling inside.  I also wanted to share my experience in case other individuals on the spectrum run into these challenges in their day-to-day lives.


Sunday, August 6, 2017

My review of the Emoji movie and what it can teach us about the idea of normal

Last weekend, I went to see the Emoji Movie.    Despite its extremely low scores on movie review sites such as Rotten Tomatoes (it has a 1 star rating), I decided to bite the bullet since I am a fan of both animated films as well as emojis.   I don't go by ratings and reviews when I decide if a movie is worth seeing  but more about the aesthetics or genre of the film.    Overall, the movie was surprisingly good.  I was shocked about the deep messages embedded in the film which I am about to explain in more detail below.

To give you a brief overview of the plot,  the film takes place inside the phone of a 14-year old teen boy named Alex and the city of Textropolis (where all the emojis live).  The film is taken from the perspective of Gene who is suppose to be a"meh" emoji but ends up making up more than one emotional expression.  He aspires to be a working emoji in which his expression is used in text messages.  However, an incident happens on his first day on the job which resulted  in making the wrong emotion.  This incident made him a "laughing stock" among the other emojis who ultimately ostracize Gene.  Gene soon becomes ashamed of who he is and wants to go to the cloud to get reprogrammed so he can function normally.  He enlists two friends who accompany him: High-Five a handshapped laid back emoji with an Australian accent (who wants to be a "favorite" or frequently used emoji) as well as a gothic  code breaker named Jail-Break.  The three of them journey through the dimensions and worlds of the various apps that occupy Alex's phone to get to the cloud. Throughout the journey, Gene begans to realize the innate gifts of his idiosyncracies (the ability to make multiple emotional expressions)  with the assistance of Jailbreak.  His quirks is what ultimately saves the rest of the emojis from a threat that affects the entire phone.

I personally enjoyed the movie because of its overlying central message of embracing differences and that everyone has their place in society.    As someone on the autism spectrum who is programmed differently from everyone else, this message spoke volumes to me.  Growing up, I was made to feel that my different way of looking at things was not valued and that if I were to have friends and live a good life then I must conform and be like "everybody else."  Gene was made to feel ashamed of his natural ability of making several different emotions because emojis were only programmed to make one expression.  In the beginning of the movie, you can sense the other emojis' negative reactions towards him (ignoring him, making fun of him etc.).  I loved that he eventually finds two friends who embraced his differences and helped him appreciate his idiosyncratic way on looking at the world.   In my own life, I am lucky to have supportive family and friends who are helping me get to a place of acceptance and see the good of my autism.  However, the character I admired was Jailbreak who played the biggest role in getting Gene to see the good of his unique abilities.  She is also different and views herself as an "outcast" in the emoji city of Textropolis.  In my own life, Jailbreak reminds me of one of my friends who is on the autism spectrum who embraces my unique abilities and gets me to see the "good" of my abilities.  The emoji movie did a great job by emphasizing a supportive community and that you don't get to the point of acceptance without help and assistance from others.

Another central message of the film that I admire and can tie into neurodiversity is that everyone has their place and can contribute to society.  This was evident in the ending of the movie.  Gene realizes that his unique ability to make several emotions has value and ends up saving everyone in Textropolis.  How this ties into autism, is that autistic people have unique talents that can be valuable contributions to society.  Too often these abilities are overlooked and as a result there is a huge unemployment rate among the autistic population.  I liked that Gene was given a second chance of getting his emotional expressions used  as a text message and ultimately was successful.  In my own life, I liked that my current workplace gave me a chance and opportunity at being a behavioral aide despite knowing about my autism diagnosis. They saw that I had a unique perspective and saw my autism a valuable contribution in getting to help kids.  I loved that the emoji movie really delved into this topic of value and worth in those who are not considered "normal" or "different."

In sum, the Emoji Movie is probably one of  the few animated films for children that has invaluable lessons alongside other films like Inside Out, Finding Dory and Zootopia. It teaches children to accept and embrace people who are different.  But more importantly,  the emoji movie makes us challenge the idea of "normal."  I like that we are heading in a positive direction and that more people are challenging the prescribed and arbitrary "rules" of society.    Being "normal" and "like everyone else" can prevent us from being creative and finding new solutions to current problems.  This is what I took away from seeing the Emoji Movie.    On the surface it might look like a cheesy kids movie, but it has some insightful powerful messages that  even adults can takeaway.   If anyone wants to see another powerful animation and cares about neurodiversity, then I recommend this film.

Saturday, July 29, 2017

The portrayal of autism in film and television: Why it needs to change?

After attempting to write two blog posts  and then ending up having to delete them due to not having enough to write about in the subject matter, I finally overcame my writer's block. I decided that the topic that I want to write about is how autism is portrayed in film and television.  What spark this topic was a recent twitter post  that I stumbled across and end up retweeting from autistic self advocate Sara Luterman criticizing the upcoming  netflix televison series Atypical and how it uses the same portrayal of a heterosexual white male looking for a date.  This post got me thinking of  the portrayal of autism in movies and tv shows and how it contributes to people's perceptions of  how autistic people behave and act.  I am going to discuss in great detail the lack of diversity of autism portrayals  in the media and what I would like to see in future portrayals of autism.

Whenever a a film or a tv show is made that features a character with autism,  there is a tendency for these stories  to use certain stereotypes.  Usually, the main character is a white male who either has some special savant abilities or who is a geeky Asperger type with socially awkward characteristics and is interested in dating but does not know how to approach girls.   Oftentimes, these films are made by the perspective of third parties such as parents and professionals and not from the viewpoint of the autistic character. Even the more progressive television shows and movies such as Atypical and Autism in Love that attempt to make first person portrayals on autism also lack diversity and reinforce classic stereotypes on autism.  I know the intention is to show that people with autism can form close intimate relationships with a romantic partner.  The  problem is that these portrayals of autism love stories is always formed within a heterosexual context.   There are autistic people who are gay/lesbian, bisexual, transgender as well as being asexual and everything in between.  By not portraying autistic characters of diverse sexual identities denies the fact autistic people can feel anything besides being heterosexual.  It also stigmatizes and alienates  autistics who are not sexually attracted to anyone or not interested in dating.   The use of the "geeky white male" autistic protagionist ad nauseam in movies and tv shows perpetuates the stereotype that autistics are socially awkward and have some sort of special talent when in reality that can be farther from the truth.

As an Asian American autistic female who is more on the asexual end on the sexuality spectrum, it is hard to relate to a lot of films and tv shows out there for the reason I discussed in the previous paragraph.  Whenever I hear that a new tv show or movie is made about autism,  I am met with initial excitement.  However my excitement usually fades by the time I get a sense of the plot line and the other characters' reaction towards the autistic character.  At the end of these films and tv shows, I am left with disappointment of how these shows fall short of accurately portraying the diverse spectrum of autism.  I feel that none of these narratives relate to my own experience of living with autism.  This is because none of these stories takes into account the salience of being a female as well as a person of color and the unique challenges each one of these identities has on living with this mysterious condition.  They don't take into account what it's like being the one of few females in autism social groups, how it feels to navigate female friendships and the drama that comes with it as well as going through puberty and other issues that exclusively effect autistic females.   It is not only gender that I feel is underrepresented in the media in regards to autistic characters.  In all the films I see about autism, I have never seen an Asian American or or an other ethnic minority autistic character.  Although I am not as bothered with the underrepresentation of my race in the media, it would be nice that the topic of race/ethnicity and how it intersects with the autistic identity was explored more deeply. I also would like to see more autistics of color in film and television because it sends the message that autism is not a disorder that exclusively affects whites.

However, race ,gender and sexual orientation are not the only factors that affect diversity in the telling of autistic stories in the media.  It is also diversity of experience.   Even though there are some commonalities, every autistic person experiences life differently.  By portraying some experiences or stories in the media but ignoring others, sends the message to the greater society that some   experiences of being autistic are valid while others are not.   In terms of my personal experience,  I would like to see more shows and television shows explore the intimate but important role that support people ( such as aides etc.) play in the lives of autistic people.  The tv sitcom Speechless does a great job exploring the personal relationship between aides and people with disabilities.  Now if we can take this element from Speechless and incorporate it into a tv show revolving around an autistic protagionist, that would be great.  Growing up, I have grown attach to the various aides that helped me.  In particular, I have grown attached to my high school aide and that relationship has formed a great part of my identity and how I connect with other people as an adult.  A lot of people have no clue of the important role that paid help such as therapists or aides can play in the lives of people on the spectrum.    Another topic that I would like to see portray in regards to my own experience is the notion of living with an invisible disability and the notion of "passing."  In my own life, people would never guess that I am autistic.  Despite passing as "normal", I still have issues related to my disability that a lot of people don't see.  The notion of support people and the struggle of passing in terms of living with an "invisible" disability is an experience that affects the lives of lots of autistic people (not just myself).  There are lots of other topics and stories about autism that are not covered in the media that I have not discussed yet but would make this post run too long.  The point being is that there no one "right" experience of being autistic and each story has value and worth that needs to be told in film and television.

In sum, media representations have a lot of implications and repercussions because it has the potential to shape peoples' perceptions about certain groups.   There is a lot of work that needs to be done in regards to how autism is portrayed in film and television.  We can start by employing autistic people as full time consultants for television and movies. As other self advocates have argued, there needs to be more actual autistic people to play the roles of  fictional autistic characters since they know firsthand what it's like to live with the condition .   By using recycled stereotypes about autism gives the impression to neurotypicals that there is only one way autism is expressed.  It conveys the message that autistics only have value if they have a special talent or they can meet neurotypical milestones such as being in a close heterosexual romantic relationship.  I know Hollywood is big on exaggerating certain characteristics to make it more entertaining.  But, to simplify autism as a singular experience doesn't make room for other stories.   The spectrum is very complex and there is no right or wrong way to be autistic.  This is the reason why I started blogging in the first place: to question what is normal  and to give some insight as what it is like to live with a mysterious but often misunderstood condition.

Sunday, June 11, 2017

A letter to my younger teenage self

Dear younger self,

I know you are feeling insecure, frustrated and broken about being an autistic teenager living in a neurotypical world.  I know that learning about your autism diagnosis wasn't easy for you to accept.  It didn't help that when you were going through your formative years, the world hadn't embraced neurodiversity yet.  Instead, the medical model of disability prevailed as pro-cure organizations portrayed autism as a "tragedy."  Professionals weren't as helpful either as they often  contributed to the negative stereotype of autism by writing deficit based narratives about the condition.  They talked about how how  autistic people "lacked empathy" or were "socially naive."  Unfortunately, this was the only information that was available to my parents and others who worked with me since there weren't too many first hand accounts about autism or vocal self advocates at the time.  This had the unfortunate consequence of  having your needs and intentions misunderstood as parents and support people used approaches that contributed to your insecurity.  

In school, support staff discouraged you from socializing with adults (such as the computer teacher in middle shool) and pushed you to socialize with more typical peers.  They didn't understand how intense your social anxiety was or that you had no interest in being friends with your school peers.  You were strongly encouraged to give up your interests of Hello Kitty and Disney Princess in exchange for more teenage interests like fashion to get you to "fit in better."  You were forced to join clubs during lunch because the school staff thought it was good for you to branch out and meet people when they had no idea about the sensory overload you felt when you were in a huge social group.    As a result of your parents and others measuring you against neurotypical peers, you felt inferior to them.  You thought there was only one way to live a normal life and that is to become neurotypical.    You always second-guessed yourself and constantly kept asking others for reassurance.  As much as it annoyed the people around you. this behavior was a way to cope with your insecurity and  the inconsistent identity of appearing "normal" but feeling so different inside.  You were unsure about where you stand and what the future will hold for you.

Now as a young adult looking back and have accomplished some neurotypical milestones (graduating college and getting my first job), I can say that  "there is no such thing as normal" and the notions of milestones and deadlines are a myth.  Achieving the neurotypical lifestyle is not all what it's cracked up to be.  It can lead to more stress and expectations that can burden your already overactive sensory system.    I am also here to tell you that when you become an adult, you have more freedom and choice in how you want to live your life.  The concept of "age appropriate" is overrated and that your interest in Hello Kitty and Disney and all the other related things you like now are becoming more mainstream.    There are other autistic young adults who went through hardships and are tired of parents and professionals dominating the autism debate.  As a result of more autistics speaking out about their experiences, there is a growing movement of "autism acceptance".   The experiences that you are going through in adolescence has made me the strong self advocate I am today.

Looking back, I know it is hard  to accept that you are going to be autistic for the rest of your life. While there are interventions and therapies that might help you cope better with your symptoms, they won't take away the autism from within you.  The best advice I will share with you is to try to accept autism as part of your identity.  Accept the fact that autism might make it hard to do certain things that most typical people your age take for granted (e.g. driving, making friends, traveling).  I also want to let you know that
 it is okay to have limitations due to your disability.  You should not be ashamed of asking for the supports and accommodations you need to deal with your limitations.  But most importantly, you are a human being and have the same basic needs and rights as someone who is neurotypical or nondisabled.  Autism does not make you any less of a human.  You were born for a reason: to make a difference in this world and to educate others about your condition.


Your 25 year old future self

Image: Christine, age 13 (2005)

Saturday, May 27, 2017

My college experience

    Recently I presented at a transition fair this past week about my journey through college and beyond.  After that experience, I thought I should write a more detailed post about my college years and the challenges that I encountered as well as some of the skills that I learned throughout the process.  It is with this post, I am going to discuss both of my experiences through community college and University.

After graduating high school, I decided the community college route because my family felt that going to a four year college right out of high school would be too overwhelming for me emotionally.  Community college allowed me the flexibility to mature and get college credit without having to deal with the stress of dorm life and independent living.

Needless to say, my transition to community college was not easy.  This has to do with the dramatic differences in support  between high school and college.  In high school, I had a strong support system of adults who cared about my wellbeing and provided emotional support.  This was all thanks to the legal document of an IEP which guaranteed individualized support services  for me and other students with disabilities. However once I got my diploma, I exited special education services and no longer was guaranteed protections under the IDEA.    In community college, there is an  office that provides accommodations to students with disabilities but they only provided basic academic accommodations such as extended time on tests, notetakers etc.  In my particular case, I did not need all those academic accommodations since academics wasn't the problem for me.  I needed more emotional support since I was having issues adjusting to community college.  It would have been nice if I had 1:1 support at college to help me navigate the various offices and bureaucracies of college life and talking with professors etc.  However, such a support system did not exist since postsecondary institutions are not obligated to provide accommodations such as 1:1 aides.    As a result, I felt isolated, anxious and a little depressed during my time at community college.    Throughout my first and second year of college, I missed my high school support people (especially my aide in high school)  that I would visit them constantly.

Perhaps, the most trying time in which I really needed the support was my second year of college.  My mom took on a  demanding full time  position as a pharmacy tech at a hospital which took a lot of her energy and time.  As a result of having two working parents, I was often left alone and was a "latchkey kid."  During that time I felt like I had no one to talk to  about the plethora of emotions of what I was going through with the exception of my behavioral therapist.  Even with that, I felt that no one truly understood the emotional pain I was going through and as a result my anxiety heightened.  Even though at the time the anxiety I experienced was unpleasant,  I realized that I had a lot of resilience and skills that helped me persevere through these hardships.  I realized that I was stronger than I thought I was and did not let my social isolation prevent me from doing well in my classes.   The fact that I was a strong student was what kept me going to pursue my A.A. degree in 2013.  As for the social and emotional difficulties I faced, my mom and I came up with a plan by hiring a companion/mentor who would take me out for social and recreational activities once a week.  My experience in community college has made me realize my strengths and my potential as well as needing to be creative in finding supports that meet my unique needs when resources are scarce.

In 2013, I transferred to a four year university and decided to make the big move to living in a dorm independently.  I was of course nervous about the transition since I never lived on my own in 21 years and did not know how I was going to do with adjusting to a new school and higher expectations  combined with the stress of independent living and making sure my basic needs were met.  My transition to the university went easier than I expected.  I quickly learned my way around campus and was able to navigate the various offices and bureaucratic systems.

However, I still faced a lot of emotional challenges my first year.  It was not so much the academics but the stress of living away from parents and navigating the college social scene.  At my college, people already formed their social groups from freshman year while I came in as a junior transfer student. Since I attended a very expensive private religious affiliated institution,  the demographic of the students tended to lean towards white and upper middle class.  The homogenous composition of the college made it very hard to find other students that I could identify with.  Another barrier in establishing potential friendships at college is the strong emphasis on Greek life and other exclusive groups in which you have to pay membership dues.  Most club meetings were also held at an inconvenient time for me (most of the meetings were held at 10 o'clock at night when classes finished).  As a result I felt isolated at school and felt that I did not belong anywhere.  The combined anxiety from keeping up with coursework and struggling to find a social network contributed to me going on a downward spiral in terms of my thoughts.  For the first time I actually felt the need to cut myself to deal with the intense emotions I was going through my first semester.  I felt ashamed of  revealing  to my parents and others about my dark thoughts because I was worried  that they would take it the wrong way. However I was able to overcome these feelings thanks to weekly counseling sessions through the student psychological services provided through my college.  I found these sessions to be helpful and I also had a really good therapist at the counseling center who genuinely wanted to listen to my concerns as an autistic college student.

Luckily, I found a faculty mentor who happened to be  related to a family friend through church.  He took me under his wing and helped me navigate the numerous bureaucracies as well as being an informal academic advisor and an extra listening ear.  He is an Asian American studies professor who has a background in anthropology as well as being both Asian and African American.  His experience and challenges of growing up in a biracial household made him sympathetic to my struggles being an autistic college student .    I would go to his office hours and I would chat with him about what was going on in my life.  Having a sympathetic faculty member that I can turn to at school has helped with the adjustment process and ease the daily anxiety that I went through.

However despite all the challenges, the self doubts, and constant thoughts of wanting to drop out, I managed to get my Bachelors degree in psychology in December 2015.  Not only that, I managed to graduate with honors.  When I received my college degree, I felt that all the hard work and stress paid off since (as my parents have told me several times)  getting a Bachelors degree will open more doors for me.  It is also an accomplishment since many autistic people don't ever attempt or complete college.
 That being said, my experience both at the community college and university levels show that there is a lot of work that needs to be done in making college accessible for autistic students.  There needs to be supports and accommodations available that go beyond helping students in academics.   For instance, a club or support group for autistic college students would have been helpful in meeting other students like myself.  Another useful support I wish was available to me at my college, is having an older student mentor (like a graduate student majoring in social work and or special education) helping with the adjustment to college life.    I know there are some colleges and Universities out there that provide these kinds of supports and accommodations that I just mentioned, but they are far and few in between. There are also some adult service agencies that provide additional supports  at college.  Despite some of these of these options the most important thing is that supports need to be tailored around each individual's needs and wants since no two college students with autism  are the same.   With the right supports as well as positive encouragement from family, professors and others,  college can be a viable option for people on the autism spectrum.